Arguments against speciesism

|

Anti-speciesism For supporters of antispeciesism (philosophical and political movement opposed to speciesism), speciesism is a reprehensible ideology, and an “animal liberation movement” is necessary to put an end to the exploitation of animals. For antispeciesists, “speciesism can be defined as … Read More

Types of consequentialism

|

Utilitarianism (John Stuart Mill) Utilitarianism is, historically, the main consequentialist moral theory. He takes as right the action which generates the most happiness for all the agents, happiness being defined as the maximization of pleasures and the minimization of pains. … Read More

Brazil English translation style guide

|

Full name: Federative Republic of Brazil (Republica Federativa do Brasil) Official language: Portuguese (many Amerindian languages and a few European languages are also spoken, but the only official language is Portuguese) Government type: Federal presidential republic Parliament: Brazil has a … Read More

What does ‘God’ mean? Is God Knowable?

|

What does ‘God’ mean? To this question, there is a great plurality of philosophical, sociological, or ideological opinions about religion. The religions have various interpretations on the part of the philosophers and the “founding” theorists of the various human sciences. … Read More

The role of translation and languages ​​in the circulation of ideas and information

|

In space and time, the intensity of intercultural communication and interlinguistic exchanges largely depends on the quantity and quality of information translated from one language to another, but history has shown that circulation and “notoriety” of ideas do not merge … Read More

The concepts of existentialism

|

The building of the essence Atheistic existentialism declares that there is a being which cannot be defined before its existence, and that this being is precisely the human being, the Dasein (Da = there and sein = being, this means … Read More

The concepts of Stoicism

|

Wisdom and philosophy Stoic philosophy is a coherent whole: it is a philosophy of totality which aims to be consciously systematic, which is one of the characteristic traits of ancient systems of thought. This doctrine proceeds to divisions of the … Read More

Idealism in philosophy

|

In philosophy, idealism is the position that all reality boils down to determinations of the mind, whether these are “ideas”, mental representations or more subjective determinations such as “sensory experiences” or the feelings. Theoretical position on the nature of the … Read More

Major types of logic

|

Syllogistic logic Organon is Aristotle’s principal work of logic, including the Prior Analytics; it constitutes the first explicit work of formal logic, with in particular the introduction of syllogistics. The works of Aristotle are considered in Europe and the Middle … Read More

Arts and representation. Imitation and representation.

|

Arts and representation (Henri Rousseau, The Football Players.) The notion of “representation” depends on the question one asks at the beginning of the problematic and at the beginning of the art itself. It takes on a very special meaning if … Read More

Specific issues of the philosophy of mind

|

Philosophy of mind is a branch of analytic philosophy that seeks to study the nature of mind, as well as its relationship to the physical world. The mind-body problem understood in the broad sense, the problem of the relation of … Read More

Science and epistemology

|

Epistemology The term “epistemology” replaced that of philosophy of science at the beginning of the 20th century. It is a neologism constructed by James Frederick Ferrier, in his work Institutes of metaphysics (1854). The word is composed on the Greek … Read More

1 2 3 4 326