Free will in philosophy of science

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The two scientific disciplines that seem most likely to be able to bring elements to the question of free will are physics (which studies the laws of nature) and neurosciences (which studies the functioning of the nervous system and therefore … Read More

Types of relativism. Critics of relativism.

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Epistemological relativism Epistemological relativism, before being asserted, was an accusation, formulated in particular against Thomas Samuel Kuhn (challenge taken up by Paul Feyerabend). George Lakoff defines relativism in his book Metaphors We Live By, as a rejection of subjectivism and … Read More

Criticisms of falsifiability

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Criticisms (Scientific method in the three worlds. ) To introduce this section, it is useful to recall the central points of Popperian philosophy which are conducive to a critical analysis of refutability. For Popper, falsifiability concerns only the logical relationship … Read More

Forms of civil disobedience

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Different cases and forms of civil disobedience The material forms of the claimed actions of civil disobedience are very diverse. A distinction can be made in particular between those that are essentially passive, those that are more offensive and, among … Read More

The supremacy of IT&C technologies

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Sfetcu, Nicolae (2022). The supremacy of IT&C technologies, DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.33253.27362, in Telework, https://www.telework.ro/en/the-supremacy-of-itc-technologies/   Abstract Over the last 60 years, computing power has grown explosively, mainly due to space, military and industrial research, and forced by the recent COVID-19 pandemic … Read More

Rationalist philosophy on the free will

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If Thomism attributes free will to Adam, in the Garden of Eden, mainly to impute to him the origin of evil through disobedience to the order given by God not to eat the forbidden fruit of the tree of knowledge … Read More

Contemporary realism: Karl Popper, Saul Kripke, Hilary Putnam

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From the middle of the 19th century, a form of anti-realism imposed itself with the development of positivism (Comte, Mach, Duhem), then of neo-positivism and empiricism in the first half of the 20th century (Vienna Circle, A.J. Ayer, Ryle). These … Read More

Newton, Leibniz, Kant and Bergson on space and time

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This debate is particularly highlighted in the polemic which opposed at the beginning of the 18th century (from 1714 to 1716) Isaac Newton and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz in a famous epistolary exchange where Samuel Clarke made himself the lawyer of … Read More

Verbal behaviorism. Criticisms of behaviorism.

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Verbal behaviorism In 1957, Skinner published Verbal Behavior, in which he analyzed language as behavior. According to him, this obeys the same rules as other behaviors but differs in that it cannot be reinforced by the physical environment, but only … Read More

Popperian falsifiability – Falsifiabilism and critical rationalism

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Popperian falsifiability Karl Popper remarked that general relativity made it possible to make predictions which very well might not have been verified, whereas other theories found confirmation in everything. Moreover, Einstein himself said that there is no logical method to … Read More

Formation of the concept of civil disobedience

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From Antiquity to Modern Times A form of civil disobedience already existed in the myth of Antigone, who defies the laws of the city to give her brother a decent burial, and in Aristophanes’ Lysistrata, where women decide to refuse … Read More

Criticisms of ontological argument for the existence of God

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Gaunilon and Thomas Aquinas opposed, in the Middle Ages, the ontological argument developed by Saint Anselm: it is not because we imagine and design a fortunate island that it necessarily exists, Gaunilon objects in substance. Similarly, it could be objected … Read More

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