Spyware and cookies

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Anti-spyware programs often report Web advertisers’ HTTP cookies as spyware. Web sites (including advertisers) set cookies — small pieces of data rather than software—to track Web-browsing activity: for instance to maintain a “shopping cart” for an online store or to … Read More

Spyware – Identity theft and fraud

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One case has closely associated spyware with identity theft. [1] In August 2005, researchers from security software firm Sunbelt Software believed that the makers of the common CoolWebSearch spyware had used it to transmit “chat sessions, user names, passwords, bank … Read More

Stealware and affiliate fraud

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A few spyware vendors, notably WhenU and 180 Solutions, have written what the New York Times has dubbed “stealware”, and what spyware-researcher Ben Edelman terms affiliate fraud, also known as click fraud. These redirect the payment of affiliate marketing revenues … Read More

Advertisements using spyware

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Many spyware programs reveal themselves visibly by displaying advertisements. Some programs simply display pop-up ads on a regular basis—for instance, one every several minutes, or one when the user opens a new browser window. Others display ads in response to … Read More

Effects and behaviors of spyware

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Many Internet Explorer add-on toolbars monitor the user’s activity. When installed and run without the user’s consent, such add-ons count as spyware. Here multiple toolbars (including both spyware and innocuous ones) overwhelm an Internet Explorer session. A piece of spyware … Read More

Routes of infection with spyware

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Spyware does not directly spread in the manner of a computer virus or worm: generally, an infected system does not attempt to transmit the infection to other computers. Instead, spyware gets on a system through deception of the user or … Read More

Spyware, “adware”, and tracking

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The term adware frequently refers to any software which displays advertisements, whether or not it does so with the user’s consent. Programs such as the Eudora mail client display advertisements as an alternative to shareware registration fees. These classify as … Read More

History and development of spyware

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The first recorded use of the term spyware occurred on October 17, 1994 in a Usenet post that poked fun at Microsoft’s business model. Spyware later came to refer to espionage equipment such as tiny cameras. However, in early 2000 … Read More

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