Nuclear deterrence

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Nuclear deterrence is based on both sides’ fear of the other’s use of nuclear weapons, and on the doctrine of mutual vulnerability. Deterrence consists in preventing an act by persuading the actor concerned that the costs of such an action … Read More

Romania between August 23, 1944 and the Paris Peace Treaty

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Ion Antonescu’s defenders regard the act of King Michael I as a tragic mistake (Baciu 1990), some as an “act of high treason” and others as a “big political error” (Historia 2014), stating that the King should have he had … Read More

The Act of August 23, 1944 in Romania

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Throughout World War II, Romanian secret services collected information on the location of German units in the country. King Mihai I and General Constantin Sănătescu had access to this information by collaborating with members of the General Staff. But active-duty … Read More

Romania in the Second World War

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The presidency of the Council of Ministers as a whole functioned, from September 12, 1940, until August 23, 1944, as a Civil Cabinet (Buzatu 1996, 178–204), directly subordinated to Marshal Antonescu (Drăgan 1989, 131). The Military Cabinet, established on September … Read More

The context of Romania’s entry into the Second World War

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Romania’s strategy in the 19th century and in the first half of the 20th century was to unite all the territories inhabited by Romanians into a single state and to maintain its unity. In this context, Romania had three main … Read More

Analogy of intelligence with other disciplines

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Sfetcu, Nicolae (2019). “Analogy of intelligence with other disciplines”, in Telework, URL = https://www.telework.ro/en/analogy-of-intelligence-with-other-disciplines/   Abstract Intelligence analysis has many important epistemological resemblances with science (problem solving, discovery, skillful use of tools, knowledge verification) and is more interested in a … Read More

Intelligence Methodologies

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Methodology, in intelligence, consists of the methods used to make decisions about threats, especially in the intelligence analysis discipline. The enormous amount of information collected by intelligence agencies often puts them in the inability to analyze them all. According to … Read More

Polanyi’s tacit knowledge applied in intelligence

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Owen Ormerod has developed a theory that Michael Polanyi’s opinion on science can contribute to understanding the process and the “product” of intelligence analysis. (Ormerod 2018) Michael Polanyi’s arguments about the activities of scientists are transferable in the field of … Read More

Ontology of Intelligence

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In intelligence, the ontological problem is related to the nature and characteristics of entities that threaten and are threatened. According to Eric Little and Galina Rogova, “[t]hreat is a very complex ontological item and, therefore, a proper threat ontology must … Read More

Epistemic Intelligence Communities. Counterintelligence

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Epistemic communities Epistemic communities are informal networks of knowledge-based experts who influence decision-makers in defining issues they face, identifying different solutions, and evaluating results. (Hsu and Hasmath 2017) Peter M. Haas defined the conceptual framework of an epistemic community as … Read More

Intelligence Analysis

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The analysts are in the field of “knowledge”. Intelligence refers to knowledge and the types of problems addressed are knowledge problems. So, we need a concept of work based on knowledge. We need a basic understanding of what we know … Read More

Knowledge Engineering and Intelligence Gathering

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A process of intelligence gathering begins when a user enters a query into the system. Several objects can match the result of a query with different degrees of relevance. Most systems estimate a numeric value about how well each object … Read More

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