Romania between August 23, 1944 and the Paris Peace Treaty

|

Ion Antonescu’s defenders regard the act of King Michael I as a tragic mistake (Baciu 1990), some as an “act of high treason” and others as a “big political error” (Historia 2014), stating that the King should have he had … Read More

The Act of August 23, 1944 in Romania

|

Throughout World War II, Romanian secret services collected information on the location of German units in the country. King Mihai I and General Constantin Sănătescu had access to this information by collaborating with members of the General Staff. But active-duty … Read More

Romania in the Second World War

|

The presidency of the Council of Ministers as a whole functioned, from September 12, 1940, until August 23, 1944, as a Civil Cabinet (Buzatu 1996, 178–204), directly subordinated to Marshal Antonescu (Drăgan 1989, 131). The Military Cabinet, established on September … Read More

The context of Romania’s entry into the Second World War

|

Romania’s strategy in the 19th century and in the first half of the 20th century was to unite all the territories inhabited by Romanians into a single state and to maintain its unity. In this context, Romania had three main … Read More

Historiography of materialist philosophies

|

Greek Antiquity and the Modern Age: appearance and resurgence of mechanism Materialism has developed in a mechanistic form since antiquity. The Ionian philosophers of the school of Miletus – Thales, Anaximenes, Anaximander – seem to be the first materialist philosophers … Read More

Immortality in history

|

Immortality, or prolonged life ad libitum, implies the notion of a form of life or at least of thought escaping death, or of life after death, physical and / or spiritual of spirits and souls (body-soul problem), of a natural, … Read More

Historical authenticity in performance (Historically informed performance)

|

The expression historically informed performance (HIP) designates a musical interpretation movement developed in the 20th century and more particularly during the second half of the 20th century. Seeking to get closer to the musical tastes of the time and the … Read More

eBook History

|

1970s and 1980s In 1971, Michael Hart created the Gutenberg Project with the aim of digitizing a large quantity of books and creating a virtual library offering a collection of electronic documents for free access. With this project, Hart wanted … Read More

History of physics in prehistory and antiquity

|

The history of physics traces the origin and evolution of currents of thought and knowledge in the physical sciences. Themes Several parallel issues overlap over the centuries: determinism and probabilistic physics; Laplace has scarcely conceived the project of a total … Read More

Natural philosophy

|

Natural philosophy, known in Latin as philosophia naturalis, is an expression that applied to the objective study of nature and the physical universe that reigned before the development of modern science. Traditionally allied with natural theology, it used to designate … Read More

The history of contemporary philosophy

|

 (A. von Menzel, The iron rolling mill (1875). The Industrial Revolution brings about a change in living conditions, which reflects on philosophical, economic and political thought.) The philosophy of the nineteenth century is divided into different directions. It includes Romantic … Read More

Ancient philosophy – Socrates

|

The term ancient philosophy generally refers to Hellenistic philosophy, which was born in the seventh century BC, with Socrates and Plato, and their successors in the Roman Empire as well as in the Arab-Muslim world. It thus applies to a … Read More

1 2 3 4 6