Rationalism

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Rationalism is the doctrine that posits discursive reasons as the only possible source of all knowledge of the world. In other words, reality would only be knowable by virtue of an explanation by the causes which determine it and not … Read More

Plato on Education – The Philosopher King

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Education Plato’s educational model (paidèia) differentiates the level of education according to students’ skills. Thus, a basic education includes, in addition to gymnastics and other bodily exercises, and music (the exercise of the spirit), without being imposed by force, because … Read More

Plato’s Dialectics

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Dialectics, a process that leads us to the knowledge of Forms and ultimately to the highest Form of the Good (Seyffert, Nettleship, and Sandys 1894, 481), through discussion, reasoning, questionnaire, and interpretation, has preoccupied philosophers since antiquity (Corbett and Connors … Read More

Cynicism

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Cynicism is an attitude to life originating from a philosophical school of ancient Greece, founded or at least inspired by Antisthenes and known primarily for the spectacular words and actions of his most famous disciple, Diogenes of Sinope. This school … Read More

The Main Topics of Plato’s Republic

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In the traditional interpretation, the Republic is a continuation of the discussions in Gorgias, according to which virtue and polis laws are a trick invented by a mass of weak people to capture the lust for power of the best … Read More

Plato: The Republic

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Sfetcu, Nicolae (2022). “Plato: The Republic“, in Telework, DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.21273.90723, URL = https://www.telework.ro/en/plato-the-republic/   Abstract The Republic was written approximately between 380 and 370 BC. The title Republic is derived from Latin, being attributed to Cicero, who called the book … Read More

Plato’s Philosophy

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Sfetcu, Nicolae (2022). “Plato’s Philosophy”, in Telework, DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.21536.05121, URL = https://www.telework.ro/en/platos-philosophy/   Abstract Plato’s philosophy is in line with the pre-Socratics, sophists and artistic traditions that underlie Greek education, in a new framework, defined by dialectics and the theory … Read More

Plato’s Work

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Sfetcu, Nicolae, “Plato’s Work”, in Telework, DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.27508.01922, URL = https://www.telework.ro/en/platos-work/   Abstract Plato’s entire body of work has survived intact to this day, decisively influencing Western culture. For Plato, dialogue is the only tool capable of highlighting the research … Read More

Structuralism

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Structuralism is a collective term for interdisciplinary methods and research programs that examine structures and relationships in the mechanisms of cultural symbol systems that function largely unconsciously Structuralism is a set of holistic currents of thought that appeared mainly in the human and … Read More

Plato: Biography

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Sfetcu, Nicolae (2022). “Plato: Biography”, in Telework, DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.15396.96647, URL = https://www.telework.ro/en/plato-biography/   Abstract The main biographical source about Plato, according to the testimony of the Neoplatonic Simplicius, was written by the disciple Xenocrates, but unfortunately it has not reached … Read More

Hedonism

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Hedonism (from Ancient Greek: ἡδονή / hēdonḗ, “pleasure” and suffix -ισμός / -ismós) is a philosophical doctrine attributed to Aristippus of Cyrene according to which the pursuit of pleasures and the avoidance of suffering constitute the goal of human life … Read More

The “logical” dimension of positivism

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The “logical” dimension of positivism The main novelty of the Vienna Circle consists in its use of the logic developed by Frege and Russell for the study of scientific problems. The conception of philosophy is thus radically modified, to focus … Read More

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