Fine tuning argument for the existence of God: Appearance of heavy elements in the Universe and tuning the fundamental forces of our universe

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Appearance of heavy elements in the Universe Heavy elements 98% of visible matter is made up of hydrogen and helium. All the other elements (heavy elements: carbon, iron, oxygen in particular which are the constituents of organic matter and therefore … Read More

Neo-pragmatism – Criticism of pragmatism

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Neo-pragmatism The pragmatism of Richard Rorty Pragmatism, which established itself in the United States as the dominant current before the Second World War, suffered a long eclipse due to the dominance of the analytical style, but is experiencing a revival, … Read More

Criticism of idealism

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(Bertrand Russell in 1957. Credit: Anefo, Wikipedia) The tenets of idealism have been questioned time and time again since its emergence, and the criticisms leveled at it are as varied as are the different forms of idealism. In England, the … Read More

Metaphysical systems

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The main systems By introducing a distinction between the sensible and the intelligible, Plato founds, without naming it, what will later be called metaphysics, as the science of being insofar as it “is” and that it is what it is … Read More

Modern performance art

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Performance art is developing in Europe and the United States and many movements, such as Fluxus, are gaining an international base. In Europe, it was undoubtedly after his trip to Japan, from September 23, 1952 to January 1954, that Yves … Read More

Thought experiments: Split brain

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Since David Wiggins and his article of 1967, the reflection on personal identity, one of the most difficult and disturbing in the philosophy of mind, has often relied on the “argument from fission” to challenge our most ingrained beliefs about … Read More

Karl Popper on falsifiability

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According to Popper, falsifiability provides a solution to the problem of induction, raised by Hume, and to that of demarcation, which he also calls Kant’s problem. Popper explains that he was influenced by Kant, but benefited from a different context: … Read More

Implementation of the freedom of speech – Extended scope

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The conditions under which freedom of expression applies are ambivalent. On the one hand, it is considered fundamental, since it conditions the exercise of other freedoms. Thus, superior courts, both supranational and national, enshrine its importance in similar terms. For … Read More

Fine tuning argument for the existence of God – The adjustment of the constants of the Universe

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The characteristics of the universe in which we evolve depend on about fifteen physical constants. In the current absence of a unifying principle, they are considered independent of each other. The advent of supercomputers allowed astrophysics to model the development … Read More

The main features of classical pragmatism in the social sciences

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The inquiry theory The inquiry as fixation of belief in Peirce In The Fixation of Belief (1877), Peirce thinks of inquiry not as the pursuit of truth per se, but as a struggle to move from irritating and inhibiting doubt … Read More

Contemporary Idealism

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Thomas Nagel The philosopher of mind Thomas Nagel, although long associated with a form of epistemological dualism concerning the body-mind relationship (the “dual aspect theory”), introduced himself in a book by 2012 as an idealist, in direct opposition to materialism … Read More

Metaphysics and its function

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A contested science Immanuel Kant asserts, in the introduction to his Prolegomena: “since the origin of metaphysics, however far its history goes back, nothing has happened that could have been more decisive for the destinies of this science than the … Read More

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