Animal welfare or animal rights?

|

In the defense of the interests of animals, we can distinguish two great philosophies: that defending greater animal welfare, and that claiming rights for animals. These two points of view correspond to two more general ethical conceptions: deontologists base morality … Read More

Extension of the animal-machine concept to humans and in biology

|

La Mettrie extends the Cartesian conception of animal-machines through the affirmation of a “man-machine” (1748). Nevertheless, such an extension of the mechanical model of comprehension, as effected by La Mettrie, constitutes a profoundly anti-Cartesian gesture: in this way, he challenges … Read More

Animal ethics

|

Animal ethics is the branch of ethics that studies the moral responsibility of the human species towards other animals. This discipline examines the moral judgments that can be made on the current treatment of animals and asks questions about our … Read More

Anti-speciesism

|

Anti-speciesism is a current of philosophical and moral thought, formalized in the 1970s by Anglo-Saxon philosophers, who defend a revival of animalism, and consider that the species to which an animal belongs is not a relevant criterion to decide how … Read More

Pain in animals

|

According to Manfred Zimmermann, an aversive sensory experience can be described as pain perception in animals , “Which is triggered by actual or threatened injury, induces motor and vegetative protective reactions, leads to learned avoidance and possibly changes species-specific behavior, including social behavior.” – Zimmermann, How do animals feel pain? This definition follows that for … Read More

Speciesism

|

Speciesism is the consideration that the species to which an animal belongs, for example the human species, is a relevant criterion for establishing the rights that it must be granted. This ethical concept is mainly used by proponents of antispeciesism … Read More

Criticism of animal-machine concept

|

The refutation of the animal-machine hypothesis can be made by the comparison between the organization of machines and living beings. For this it is possible to rely on the definition of living being developed by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck. Lamarck notes that … Read More

Theorists and the legislative aspects of animal rights and vegetarianism

|

(The Japanese Emperor Temmu.) Vegetarianism is a practice that can be motivated by the law – defined as the “set of rules that govern the conduct of man in society, social relations”, in the obviously context of the law considering … Read More

Animal in philosophy

|

Ancient philosophy has bequeathed its vision of the animal from a problem of man in the world: the Stoics have a dogmatic and anthropocentric vision of the animal, while Academicians have a holistic vision, placing the general history of animals … Read More

Philosophical and legal approaches of animals

|

Animal rights are the legal wording of animal protection or animal liberation. They are based on the idea that the needs and interests of nonhuman animal species – feeding, moving, reproducing and avoiding suffering, for example – are sufficiently complex … Read More