Direct realism and indirect realism

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In philosophy of perception, as well as in theory of knowledge, direct realism and indirect realism are two distinct theories which have in common to assume the existence of a world independent of us, of which we can know thanks … Read More

Cogito, ergo sum

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Cogito, ergo sum is a Latin phrase meaning “I think, therefore I am”. Used by the philosopher and mathematician René Descartes in the Discourse on the Method (1637), the formula has a variant in his work in 1641, in the … Read More

Polanyi’s tacit knowledge applied in intelligence

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Owen Ormerod has developed a theory that Michael Polanyi’s opinion on science can contribute to understanding the process and the “product” of intelligence analysis. (Ormerod 2018) Michael Polanyi’s arguments about the activities of scientists are transferable in the field of … Read More

Knowledge Engineering and Intelligence Gathering

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A process of intelligence gathering begins when a user enters a query into the system. Several objects can match the result of a query with different degrees of relevance. Most systems estimate a numeric value about how well each object … Read More

Nature of scientific concepts

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 (Naïve realism argues we perceive the world directly) Science is concerned both by the utterance of hypotheses concerning the nature of the world, and the verification of these theories as adequate to reality according to an experimental method, which differs … Read More

Knowledge in philosophy

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In philosophy, it is studied above all knowledge in the sense of the state of the one who knows something. The known things themselves are also knowledge, but this second notion is not that which interests the philosophers. Likewise, knowledge, … Read More

Knowledge models

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Origins of the theory Francis Bacon’s model According to the English philosopher Francis Bacon, it is the observations and experiences that give us access to the real, and the theory follows from generalized induction. For Bacon, the construction of theories … Read More

Idealism

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Idealism is any philosophical theory which considers that the ultimate nature of reality rests on the mind, on abstract forms, or on mental representations. From the point of view of the philosophy of knowledge, idealism (reality is abstract and concrete, … Read More

Type-identity theory

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The theory of mind-brain identity is a form of philosophical materialism concerning the nature of the mind. It is one of the main versions of the theory of psychophysical (mental/cerebral) identity with which it must not be confused. History The … Read More

Philosophical debates on knowledge

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Positivism vs. Constructivism Some epistemological postures consider the object “knowledge” in a radically different way: the positivist posture considers the truth value of propositional knowledge representing reality as independent of the will of men, without metaphysical content and where a … Read More

Theory of knowledge

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(Nature unveiling itself to Science Allegory of Louis-Ernest Barrias.) The theory of knowledge has been assimilated to the philosophy of knowledge and to gnoseology. When the theory of knowledge is assimilated to the philosophy of knowledge, it is part of … Read More

Knowledge definition – The Gettier problem

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Knowledge is a notion with multiple meanings both used in everyday language and as an object of advanced study on the part of philosophy and science. More particularly by: the theory of knowledge, epistemology, zetetics, psychology, cognitive science, anthropology and … Read More

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