Cogito, ergo sum

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Cogito, ergo sum is a Latin phrase meaning “I think, therefore I am”. Used by the philosopher and mathematician René Descartes in the Discourse on the Method (1637), the formula has a variant in his work in 1641, in the … Read More

Type-identity theory

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The theory of mind-brain identity is a form of philosophical materialism concerning the nature of the mind. It is one of the main versions of the theory of psychophysical (mental/cerebral) identity with which it must not be confused. History The … Read More

Surprising observations on animal cognition

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(Back of honey bees to the fold after collecting pollen. Photo 2007) Animal intelligence (animal cognition) is a term referring to the cognitive abilities of animals and their study. The subject has given rise to numerous studies whose results not … Read More