Free will in philosophy of science

|

The two scientific disciplines that seem most likely to be able to bring elements to the question of free will are physics (which studies the laws of nature) and neurosciences (which studies the functioning of the nervous system and therefore … Read More

Verbal behaviorism. Criticisms of behaviorism.

|

Verbal behaviorism In 1957, Skinner published Verbal Behavior, in which he analyzed language as behavior. According to him, this obeys the same rules as other behaviors but differs in that it cannot be reinforced by the physical environment, but only … Read More

Typology of dualisms in philosophy

|

Ontological dualisms Ontological dualism consists of the affirmation of the dual character of existence in relation to spirit and matter, and can be divided into three categories: Substance dualism posits that mind and matter are fundamentally distinct types of substance. … Read More

Mind-body problem

|

The mind-body problem is a philosophical questioning of the type of relationship the mind has with the body, especially with the brain. Although this problem may have already arisen since the first developments of philosophy, in Plato in particular, and … Read More

Thought experiments: Split brain

|

Since David Wiggins and his article of 1967, the reflection on personal identity, one of the most difficult and disturbing in the philosophy of mind, has often relied on the “argument from fission” to challenge our most ingrained beliefs about … Read More

Thought experiments: “p-zombie”

|

(Zombies as portrayed in the movie Night of the Living Dead, direction and cinematography by George A. Romero) In philosophy of the mind, a “zombie” (philosophical zombie or p-zombie) designates a being physically and externally indistinguishable from a conscious being, … Read More

Thought experiments: Chinese room

|

(According to its author, the Turing test authorized the attribution of a form of mind to certain artificial systems based on a principle of indiscernibility of responses.) The Chinese room is a thought experiment presented by John Searle in a … Read More

China brain thought experiment

|

(In Ned Block’s thought experiment, each member of the Chinese population performs the same functions as a neuron in the brain. he population of China is 1.4×109 people, while a human brain is estimated to have ≈1011 neurons. ) The … Read More

Functionalism in the philosophy of mind

|

Computational approach It was to avoid the difficulties of the theory of mind-brain identity that Hilary Putnam and Jerry Fodor proposed and developed, in the 1960s and 1970s, the computational theory of mind (or “computationalism”), to a time when computing … Read More

Materialism in philosophy of mind

|

Identity theory In the context of the philosophy of mind, psychophysical identity designates the assumed logical equivalence between expressions or descriptions pertaining to the vocabulary of psychology and concepts pertaining to the vocabulary of the physical and natural sciences. In … Read More

Major themes of the philosophy of mind

|

The intentionality of the mind Originating in medieval scholasticism, it was with Franz Brentano at the end of the 19th century that the theme of intentionality began to become central in philosophy. It was taken up in the 20th century … Read More

Specific issues of the philosophy of mind

|

Philosophy of mind is a branch of analytic philosophy that seeks to study the nature of mind, as well as its relationship to the physical world. The mind-body problem understood in the broad sense, the problem of the relation of … Read More

1 2 3