Specific issues of the philosophy of mind

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Philosophy of mind is a branch of analytic philosophy that seeks to study the nature of mind, as well as its relationship to the physical world. The mind-body problem understood in the broad sense, the problem of the relation of … Read More

Science and epistemology

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Epistemology The term “epistemology” replaced that of philosophy of science at the beginning of the 20th century. It is a neologism constructed by James Frederick Ferrier, in his work Institutes of metaphysics (1854). The word is composed on the Greek … Read More

Political art and practice

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The modalities of access to power are, like the organization of power, determined by the institutions and are part of the political system. However, they also go beyond the question of the organization of power for the following reasons: accession … Read More

Political power – Political regimes

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Political regimes according to legitimacy In order to exercise itself without encountering opposition, political power has always endeavored to justify its legitimacy. This can be based on: tradition and heredity, case of traditional regimes, monarchies and aristocratic systems; divine will, … Read More

Political ideologies

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The first mention of the term ideology dates back to 1801, when Antoine Destutt de Tracy published Elements of Ideology. However, the meaning that Tracy applied to this neologism had nothing political about it: it was about a science of … Read More

The philosophy of politics

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China Chinese political thought emerges, as in the archaic Greece, in a context of crisis. The decomposition of traditional political structures in fact arouses in both cases a philosophical and political awareness. Effective from the 8th century BC, the decline … Read More

Relationships between humans and animals

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In cultures with formalized or customary law, relations between humans and other animal species have varied greatly in space and time, and according to the animal, often with a particular status for game, domestic or animal species. animal-totems or symbolic … Read More

Ethics (2)

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Proceduralism This ethic refers to John Rawls and is based on pluralism. Rawls affirms that it is no longer possible to base oneself on a single common notion, the good. This then implies the establishment of rather abstract rules in … Read More

God in Philosophy

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First or only principle Philosophers have conceived of divinity in very different ways. For some, polytheism does not exclude a supreme divine principle like the logos or “immanent reason of the Universe” for the Stoics, but it is more a … Read More

Doctrine and aesthetic of empiricism

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Doctrine Epistemology According to empiricism, the foundation and the first source of knowledge are found in experience. For certain empiricists like George Berkeley, who thus take up a nominalist thesis, only singular objects and phenomena are real. Empiricism in general, … Read More

Confucianism between Three Kingdoms and Ming

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From the Three Kingdoms to the Late Tang School of the New Text or the Old Text, at the fall of the Han dynasty the two parties are equally blamed for having lost themselves in sterile scholastic debates and for … Read More

Historiography of materialist philosophies

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Greek Antiquity and the Modern Age: appearance and resurgence of mechanism Materialism has developed in a mechanistic form since antiquity. The Ionian philosophers of the school of Miletus – Thales, Anaximenes, Anaximander – seem to be the first materialist philosophers … Read More

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