Surprising observations on animal cognition

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(Back of honey bees to the fold after collecting pollen. Photo 2007) Animal intelligence (animal cognition) is a term referring to the cognitive abilities of animals and their study. The subject has given rise to numerous studies whose results not … Read More

History of philosophy

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(Famous representation of the different schools of antiquity: it is recognized, in center, Plato pointing the finger of heaven (referring to his theory of Ideas) and Aristotle showing opposed the land (referring to his desire to anchor knowledge in the … Read More

Analytic philosophy

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(Gottlob Frege) The term “analytic philosophy” means a ”philosophical” movement who was founded initially on the new contemporary logic, outcome of the work of Gottlob Frege and Bertrand Russell in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, to answer the … Read More

Cognitive bias

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A cognitive bias is a pattern of thought, due to deviation of the judgment. The term bias refers to systematic deviation from reality. The study of cognitive biases is the subject of numerous studies in cognitive psychology, social psychology, and … Read More

Animal-machine

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Animal-machine is an etiological hypothesis that animals are machines. Such as machinery, animals would be assemblies of parts and machinery, devoid of conscience or thought. This design is born by René Descartes in the seventeenth century and is part of … Read More

Cognition

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Cognition is the scientific term used to describe the set of mental processes that relate to the knowledge of function such as memory, language, reasoning, learning, intelligence, problem solving, decision making, perception or attention. Cognitive processes are distinguished from mental … Read More

Philosophy of law

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Philosophy of law (not to be confused with the theory of law, including distinction made by Hans Kelsen in the “Pure Theory of Law“) is the study and analysis of the concepts and fundamental principles of law and legislation. Discipline … Read More

The methods of Western Philosophy

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(Paul Gauguin, Where did we come from? Who are we? Where are we going? (1897-1898).) It is possible, in a first approach, ex negativo delineate a number of methods and heuristic principles that characterize at least in part philosophy. Negative … Read More

Philosophy

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(The Thinker, by Auguste Rodin) Philosophy, from ancient Greek φιλοσοφία (composed of φιλεῖν, philein “love”; and σοφία, sophia, “wisdom”) literally means “love of wisdom”. It is an activity and discipline existing since antiquity in the West and East, posing as … Read More

Knowledge Management

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Knowledge Management is the set of initiatives, methods and techniques to collect, identify, analyze, organize, store, and share knowledge between members of organizations, in particular the knowledge created by the company itself (eg, marketing, research and development) or acquired from … Read More

Politics

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Polysemic concept, politics covers: (Speech by Mikhail Gorbachev during a session of the United Nations General Assembly (RIA Novosti archive 828797) https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:RIAN_archive_828797_Mikhail_Gorbachev_addressing_UN_General_Assembly_session.jpg) politics in its broader sense, that of civility or Politikos, designates that which relates to the organization or … Read More

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