The concepts of existentialism

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The building of the essence Atheistic existentialism declares that there is a being which cannot be defined before its existence, and that this being is precisely the human being, the Dasein (Da = there and sein = being, this means … Read More

The concepts of Stoicism

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Wisdom and philosophy Stoic philosophy is a coherent whole: it is a philosophy of totality which aims to be consciously systematic, which is one of the characteristic traits of ancient systems of thought. This doctrine proceeds to divisions of the … Read More

Idealism in philosophy

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In philosophy, idealism is the position that all reality boils down to determinations of the mind, whether these are “ideas”, mental representations or more subjective determinations such as “sensory experiences” or the feelings. Theoretical position on the nature of the … Read More

Doctrine and aesthetic of empiricism

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Doctrine Epistemology According to empiricism, the foundation and the first source of knowledge are found in experience. For certain empiricists like George Berkeley, who thus take up a nominalist thesis, only singular objects and phenomena are real. Empiricism in general, … Read More

Confucianism between Three Kingdoms and Ming

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From the Three Kingdoms to the Late Tang School of the New Text or the Old Text, at the fall of the Han dynasty the two parties are equally blamed for having lost themselves in sterile scholastic debates and for … Read More

Buddhism doctrine and schools – Critics of Buddhism

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Doctrine The term “Buddhism”, of Western invention, is commonly used to designate, in the form of a somewhat rough translation, the “Dharma (teaching, doctrine) of the Buddha”, 佛教 (fójiào) in Chinese, bukkyō in Japanese , nang pa sangs rgyas pa’i … Read More

Rationalism

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Rationalism is the doctrine that posits discursive reasons as the only possible source of all knowledge of the world. In other words, reality would only be knowable by virtue of an explanation by the causes which determine it and not … Read More

Plato on Education – The Philosopher King

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Education Plato’s educational model (paidèia) differentiates the level of education according to students’ skills. Thus, a basic education includes, in addition to gymnastics and other bodily exercises, and music (the exercise of the spirit), without being imposed by force, because … Read More

Cynicism

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Cynicism is an attitude to life originating from a philosophical school of ancient Greece, founded or at least inspired by Antisthenes and known primarily for the spectacular words and actions of his most famous disciple, Diogenes of Sinope. This school … Read More

Plato’s Philosophy

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Plato’s philosophy is in line with the pre-Socratics, sophists and artistic traditions that underlie Greek education, in a new framework, defined by dialectics and the theory of ideas. For Plato, knowledge is an activity of the soul (Brisson and Pradeau … Read More

Plato’s Work

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Plato’s entire body of work has survived intact to this day, decisively influencing Western culture (Plato 1997) (Laertius 2018, bk. III). For Plato, dialogue is the only tool capable of highlighting the research character of philosophy, the key element of … Read More

Plato: Biography

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The main biographical source about Plato, according to the testimony of the Neoplatonic Simplicius (Aristotle 2021), was written by the disciple Xenocrates, but unfortunately it has not reached us. The earliest biography of Plato (Riginos 1976) to date, De Platone … Read More

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