Political art and practice

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The modalities of access to power are, like the organization of power, determined by the institutions and are part of the political system. However, they also go beyond the question of the organization of power for the following reasons: accession … Read More

Political power – Political regimes

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Political regimes according to legitimacy In order to exercise itself without encountering opposition, political power has always endeavored to justify its legitimacy. This can be based on: tradition and heredity, case of traditional regimes, monarchies and aristocratic systems; divine will, … Read More

Political ideologies

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The first mention of the term ideology dates back to 1801, when Antoine Destutt de Tracy published Elements of Ideology. However, the meaning that Tracy applied to this neologism had nothing political about it: it was about a science of … Read More

The philosophy of politics

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China Chinese political thought emerges, as in the archaic Greece, in a context of crisis. The decomposition of traditional political structures in fact arouses in both cases a philosophical and political awareness. Effective from the 8th century BC, the decline … Read More

The Main Topics of Plato’s Republic

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In the traditional interpretation, the Republic is a continuation of the discussions in Gorgias, according to which virtue and polis laws are a trick invented by a mass of weak people to capture the lust for power of the best … Read More

Plato: The Republic

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The Republic (Ancient Greek: Πολιτεία, Politéia) was written between about 380 and 370 BC. A. E. Taylor states that the Republic was already written in 388 (Taylor 2009), and G. C. Field suggested the date of 375 BC (Hornblower, Spawforth, … Read More

Reformism

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Reformism refers to political doctrines aimed at improving existing structures of a country, economic and social, through gradual changes in laws rather than through revolution or schism. Reformist socialism was defined by Eduard Bernstein (1850-1932) who considered that the abolition … Read More

Freedom of speech

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Freedom of speech is the right recognized for the individual to make known the product of his own intellectual activity to those around him. It comes from the ability to communicate between humans. This has long been considered as a … Read More

Negative and positive freedom

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Negative freedom Negative freedom, or freedom ”from”, or freedom as an absence of impediment, indicates within the political terminology the possibility that someone has to act without anyone intervening to hinder him or even the decision to remain passive without … Read More

Marxism

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Marxism is a current of political, sociological and economic thought founded on the ideas of Karl Marx (and to a lesser extent of Friedrich Engels) and his followers. Politically, Marxism is based on participation in the real movement of the … Read More

Retributive justice

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Retributive justice or retributionism is a theory of justice – and more specifically a theory of punishment – that holds that proportional retribution is a morally acceptable response to the offense or crime, regardless of whether or not this measure … Read More

Reverse discrimination

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Reverse discrimination refers to the discrimination of members of favors as deemed favor of a deemed disadvantaged group. Reverse sexism The onboard regulations of some Australian airlines such as Qantas Airways, Jetstar Airways and Virgin Australia prohibit male passengers from taking a seat next to children traveling alone.  This … Read More

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