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Falsification and refutation


A scientific theory, according to Popper, can be legitimately saved from falsification by introducing an auxiliary hypothesis to generate new, falsifiable predictions. Also, if there are suspicions of bias or error, the researchers might introduce an auxiliary falsifiable hypothesis that would allow testing. But this technique can not solve the problem in general, because any auxiliary hypothesis can be challenged in the same way, ad infinitum. To solve this regression, Popper introduces the idea of ​​a basic statement, an empirical statement that can be used both to determine whether a given theory is falsifiable and, if necessary, to corroborate falsification assumptions.

DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.22162.09923

This is a partial translation of:

Sfetcu, Nicolae, “Distincția dintre falsificare și respingere în problema demarcației la Karl Popper”, SetThings (3 iunie 2018), MultiMedia Publishing (ed.), DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.10444.72329, ISBN 978-606-033-139-1, URL = https://www.telework.ro/ro/e-books/distinctia-dintre-falsificare-si-respingere-in-problema-demarcatiei-la-karl-popper/

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