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The Rare Earths EconomyThe present book of PhD Emilian M. Dobrescu aims to develop a new branch of economics – rare earths economy and therefore its author was constructed a content and narration, which are included herewith. As we know, this paper is the first of its kind, which is based on facts – countries that have major deposits of rare earths, which process, the industrial countries, the main consumers of rare earths processed and the main beneficiaries.
In the race to build hybrid cars and wind turbines to feed growing demand for green technology, China has one clear advantage it holds the world’s largest reserves of rare earth metals and dominates global production. This little-known class of 17 related elements is also used for a vast array of electronic devices ranging from smartphones to flat screen TVs, all of which are competing for the annual global supply.
The author has studied for more than half a century the chemistry and physics of rare earth, these studies and papers was published in the prestigious scientific journals and in the international research journal. He has developed a pioneering in research, an achievement which is accepted in the domain recognized and cited by the greatest experts in the world.

CONTENTS:

Preface
Introduction
Chapter 1 Rare Earth Elements General Characterization
– 1.1. Important metals in comprised in the rare earth elements
– 1.2. The importance of the “critical metals” for the world economy
Chapter 2 Production of Rare Earth Elements
– 2.1. Extraction methods
– 2.2. The fall of the American production
– 2.3. Chinese production hegemony
– – The games of WTO
Chapter 3 REE Repartition
– 3.1. The main deposits. China
– 3.2. Position of other countries
– – Afghanistan
– – Australia
– – Bolivia
– – Canada
– – Gabon
– – Republic of Moldova
– – U.S.A.
– 3.3. Potential of reserve of deposits operation
– 3.4. Recycling products containing rare metals
– – Cases requiring recycling of rare metals
Chapter 4 Rare Earth Elements. Circulation and Consumption
– 4.1. Areas of application
– – The Chinese Summit on Rare Earth Elements
– – The Chinese Society for Rare Earth Elements (CSRE)
– 4.2. Rare earth elements stimulate the growth of green technologies
– 4.3. Industrial applications
– 4.4. The policy of the U.S. Department of Energy Policy in the field or REE
Conclusions
Annexes and Tables
– Annex no. 1 Opinions on the economy of REE
– Annex no. 2 Romanian Research Projects in the field of REE
– Annex no. 3 International contribution of Romanian scientists in the field of REE
– Annex no. 4 Note of reading
Selective Bibliography
Notes

MultiMedia Publishing
– Digital: EPUB (ISBN 978-606-033-783-6), Kindle (ISBN 978-606-033-784-3) PDF (ISBN 978-606-033-785-0)
DOI: 10.58679/TW70453

08.03.2023

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