A mortgage loan is a loan secured by real property through the use of a mortgage note which evidences the existence of the loan and the encumbrance of that realty through the granting of a mortgage which secures the loan. However, the word mortgage alone, in everyday usage, is most often used to mean mortgage loan.
A home buyer or builder can obtain financing (a loan) either to purchase or secure against the property from a financial institution, such as a bank, either directly or indirectly through intermediaries. Features of mortgage loans such as the size of the loan, maturity of the loan, interest rate, method of paying off the loan, and other characteristics can vary considerably.
In many jurisdictions, though not all (Bali, Indonesia being one exception), it is normal for home purchases to be funded by a mortgage loan. Few individuals have enough savings or liquid funds to enable them to purchase property outright. In countries where the demand for home ownership is highest, strong domestic markets have developed.
- ^ Sonia Kolesnikov-Jessop (January 29, 2009). “Bali’s cash property market keeps prices up”. International Herald-Tribune. “‘In Bali, there are no mortgages available, so everyone who owns a house here has paid cash for it,’ said Nils Wetterlind, managing director of Tropical Homes, a real estate developer and brokerage based on the island.”
- Mortgages at the Open Directory Project
- FHA loans (Department of Housing and Urban Development)
- Mortgages: For Home Buyers and Homeowners at USA.gov
- Financial Consumer Agency of Canada