Marxism

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Marxism is a current of political, sociological and economic thought founded on the ideas of Karl Marx (and to a lesser extent of Friedrich Engels) and his followers. Politically, Marxism is based on participation in the real movement of the … Read More

Atomism

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Atomism is a philosophical current proposing a conception of a discontinuous universe, composed of matter and emptiness. According to atomists, the atoms that make up the universe are all of the same substance. They are indivisible and differ from each … Read More

Different versions of utilitarianism

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The utilitarian calculus One of the important feature of utilitarianism is its pragmatism. The morality of an act is “calculated” on the basis of its effects, not the motives behind it. This calculation takes into account the consequences of the … Read More

Platonism

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Platonism or realism of ideas is a philosophical theory inspired more or less directly by the theory of forms of Plato, theory according to which there are intelligible entities in oneself, whose content is independent of the contingency of the … Read More

Eastern philosophy

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(The Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, embroidery, 1860-1880.) Eastern philosophy is a field of philosophy which designates the philosophical traditions elaborated in the Asian, Persian and Islamic countries of tradition. Eastern philosophy is distinguished from Western philosophy by the … Read More