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Main types of games of chance

Petits Chevaux

The games that will appeal to any choice of the players are called games of pure chance. Many of these games (battle, board game, etc.) are children’s games since you have to know the rules and each player has the same chance of winning. Other games of chance, called reasoned games of chance, contain a random process (like mixing boards, flip a coin, roll one or more dice, etc) but the players have a choice of techniques to bet, choose, pick, etc.

Many gambling takes place in several independent parts (heads or tails, or roulette, for example) where each part is a pure game of chance; However, depending on the rules of the game (including implementation), it is possible to adapt strategies to increase the expected gain. However, these games are classified in games of pure chance. Some games, also playing in several parts, remain pure gambling (the battle for example). Examples of games:

Card games

In card games, the main element is the random distribution of cards.

  • Pure gambling
    • The battle is played with a deck of 32 cards or 52 cards. Each player plays the first card from the package randomly mixed and there is a rule for each card combination. Players then have nothing to decide.
    • The Pharaoh game is a game of pure chance.
  • Reasoned gambling
  • The game of poker is played with a deck of 52 cards. The cards is the only random element of the game. The way to bet, bet, bluff, etc. is the player’s choice.
  • Bridge game. The cards is the random element. The game takes place in two stages: the auction in which the partners are working to find the best deal then the game itself played according to the announced bid.
  • Card game Magic: The Gathering. There are special cards for this game, with specific actions for each of them. Chance comes from the mixture of these cards, the deck being built by the players themselves. For some cards are also used dice or a game of heads or tails.
  • The yellow dwarf game is played with a deck of 52 cards and five boxes. The only non-random element is the choice of construction of playing card suites.

Dice games

  • Pure gambling
    • The Game of the Goose is a board game boxes containing a path and playing with two dice. The rules for each box are set, the player decides nothing.
  • Reasoned gambling
    • The game of 5000 is played with 5 dice. At each throw, the player chooses to keep (put) some dice.
    • Backgammon is played on a board with fifteen pieces and two dice. The progress of the pieces on the apron is made according dice values. The player can choose which pieces he moves.
    • The game of petits chevaux is played on a board with pins (horses) and two dice. The player chooses which horses he advances based on the results of the dice.
    • In the game of Monopoly, advancing pawns is done randomly with a die, action cards are drawn at random, however, land and houses purchasing strategies are by players.
    • Yam’s (or Yahtzee) is played with five dice. The goal is to make figures in three dice rolls. The player chooses which dice he raises.

Other games of chance

  • Pure gambling
    • The game of Lottery (or Lotto) is played by betting on several numbers (random or selected). Each number is chosen at random and manner of equal probability.
    • Slot machines (excluding poker machines) are electronic or mechanical games in which two possible outcomes (win or lose) are random and independent of previous games. Once the bet amount selected, the player has nothing to decide.
    • In the Coin flipping, each side of the coin has the same probability of falling, it is a game of pure chance.
    • In the game of Roulette, once the amount of the bet and the selected number, the result of a ball thrown randomly.
  • Reasoned gambling
    • In the game Shadows Over Camelot, all players are on the same team against the game itself. The actions of the game are given by random draws cards or dice rolls.
    • Players play with randomly dealt cards but have a choice of strategies.
  • Unclassifiable
    • A special situation occurs in some games where both players (at least) clash. This is where, a priori, there is no randomness in the game, however, how to play (choose bet …) depends on how the opponent played or will play earlier at the same time as you. Since the decision of the opponent is not known, it can be considered random. This is the typical case of rock-paper-scissors game in which two players must choose between rock, paper or scissors and announce their choice simultaneously.
    • The optimal strategy of rock-paper-scissors game (when his opponent plays random with equal probability) is also playing random with equal probability. The game then is a game of pure chance. However, it is difficult to generate a sequence of random values yourself. So if your opponent plays with a certain strategy, you can seek an optimal strategy. We can talk about rationed gambling. This game so beyond the game of pure chance/reasoned gambling classification.
  • Random effect
    • Also include some random phenomena introduced in some games: “oval” shape of Rugby ball gives a random bounce.

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