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Anaesthetics

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A wide variety of drugs are used in modern anaesthetic practice. Many are rarely used outside of anaesthesia, although others are used commonly by all disciplines. Some of the prominent ones include:

  • local anaesthetics
  • general anaesthetics
    • inhalational anaesthetics
      • volatile anaesthetics
        • desflurane
          sevoflurane
          isoflurane
          halothane
          enflurane
          methoxyflurane
      • nitrous oxide
      • xenon
    • intravenous anaesthetics
      • propofol
        etomidate
      • barbiturates
        • methohexital
          thiopentone/thiopental
      • benzodiazepines
        • midazolam
        • diazepam
      • ketamine
  • analgesics
    • opioids
      • morphine
      • fentanyl
      • alfentanil
        sufentanil
        remifentanil
      • methadone
      • meperidine / pethidine
    • NSAIDs
  • muscle relaxants
    • depolarising muscle relaxants
      • succinylcholine, also known as suxamethonium
    • nondepolarising (curare-like) muscle relaxants
      • atracurium
        cisatracurium
        vecuronium
        rocuronium
        mivacurium
        tubocurarine (see mislabelled article “turbocurnanine” under “search.” Can this article be placed correctly under tubocurarine also?)
        pancuronium bromide
  • vasoconstrictors, also known as vasopressors
    • phenylephrine
    • ephedrine
    • metaraminol
  • antiemetics: phenothiazines, e.g.: prochlorperazine, promethazine, cyclizine;
  • butyrophenones, e.g.: droperidol; antihistamines, e.g.: dimenhydrinate (old); newer agents: ondansetron and tropisetron, and granisetron; steroids, e.g.: dexamethasone; and lastly, metoclopramide (variable efficacy).

Image: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Maquet_Flow-I_anesthesia_machine.jpg

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