Social Networks Overview – Current Trends and Research Challenges for EU

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The emergence and popularity of online social networks in recent years has changed the Internet ecosystem leading to a more collaborative environment. Nowadays, hundreds of millions of Internet users participate in social networks, form communities, produce and consume media content … Read More

FIGHT AGAINST GAMBLING FRAUD AND MONEY LAUNDERING IN EU

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The prevention of fraud and money-laundering are amongst the main objectives of Member States regarding public order. In principle, all existing national gambling regulations seek to prevent and tackle gambling fraud in order to protect consumers as well as gambling … Read More

EU Languages

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Mutual respect for each other’s languages is at the very heart of the ‘unity in diversity’ principle, opening the door to cultural pluralism, one of the core values of the EU. Languages are never static, and certainly not those of … Read More

Scenarios of Future Growth in the EU Gambling Industry

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As part of the terms of reference of this Report, alternative scenarios for the future of the various sectors of the market for gambling services in the Member States of the EU are put forward. Based on the information gathered … Read More

Administrative cooperation in EU gambling industry

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Bilateral cooperation agreements More recently Member States’ regulators have started to enter into bilateral cooperation agreements. On 28 June 2011 the French and Italian gambling authorities signed a first crossborder cooperation agreement. The purpose of the agreement is to improve … Read More

EU Publishing Market – Market sales and output

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The activity with the largest aggregate market value across the EU was newspaper publishing in 2010, with its value surpassing 40 billion Euro. The publication of periodicals and that of books followed closely with values nearing 37 billion and 30 … Read More

The Remote Gambling Industry in the EU

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As part of the Study leading up to this Report, a survey instrument was developed and disseminated to all known remote gaming operators in the EU, as well as the regulatory authorities in Gibraltar and in Malta. As of mid-February … Read More

EU Guide for External Translators – Orders and documents

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The External Translation Unit of the DGT grants access to the eXtra Portal to the contractors working for the DGT. The eXtra Portal is a website to which the contractors connect to check newly announced jobs, download and upload documents … Read More

English Translation Style Guide for EU – FORMS OF ADDRESS

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All forms that begin ‘Dear’ are less formal than those that begin ‘Sir/Madam’, ‘Excellency’, etc. Close ‘Yours sincerely’ if you are addressing a specific person, whether by name or by position. Letters to Ambassadors and permanent representatives Envelop His/Her Excellency … Read More

English Translation Style Guide for EU – TRANSLITERATION

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TRANSLITERATION TABLE FOR GREEK NAME >>> LETTER >>> UN 1987 (ELOT 743) >>> VARIANTS alpha >>> Α >>> α >>> a beta >>> Β >>> β >>> v gamma >>> Γ >>> γ >>> g + gamma >>>  >>> γγ … Read More

EU Gambling Industries – ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS

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Gambling Industries of EU Member States The veritable backbone of the economic side of this Report consists of 25 separate presentations of the gambling industries of individual EU Member States. Those presentations systematically integrate all of the useful and prima … Read More

English Translation Style Guide for EU – OFFICIAL LANGUAGES, CURRENCIES AND EXTERNAL RELATIONS

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OFFICIAL LANGUAGES AND CURRENCIES OFFICIAL LANGUAGES Official/working/procedural languages. The relevant regulations do not distinguish between official and working languages. Internally, however, the Commission works in three languages — English, French and German — unofficially referred to as the ‘procedural languages’. … Read More

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