Criticisms of ontological argument for the existence of God

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Gaunilon and Thomas Aquinas opposed, in the Middle Ages, the ontological argument developed by Saint Anselm: it is not because we imagine and design a fortunate island that it necessarily exists, Gaunilon objects in substance. Similarly, it could be objected … Read More

Fine tuning argument for the existence of God – The adjustment of the constants of the Universe

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The characteristics of the universe in which we evolve depend on about fifteen physical constants. In the current absence of a unifying principle, they are considered independent of each other. The advent of supercomputers allowed astrophysics to model the development … Read More

Teleological argument for the existence of God

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The appeal to design or teleological argument postulates that there are ends in nature, which implies the existence of an intelligent principle, orderer of the world, that is to say of a Creator. This is the classic argument of natural … Read More

Empirical arguments against the existence of God

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Arguments of the indigence of Creation The argument for the neediness of Creation arises from the following question: How could God, being perfect, have created an imperfect world? It takes the form of the following contraposition: If there is a … Read More

Metaphysical, logical and epistemic arguments against the existence of God

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Metaphysical and logical arguments The existence of God is unverifiable and therefore meaningless According to the verificationist theory of meaning, the meaning of an utterance is determined by its conditions of verification. But God is not a being whose existence … Read More

Empirical arguments on the existence of God

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Teleological argument or the argument from design The teleological argument (physico-theological argument, argument from design, or intelligent design argument) is the argument for the existence of God that is based on discernible evidence of order, intent, design, or direction — … Read More

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz on the existence of God (cosmological argument)

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Leibniz’s proposed variant, often referred to as “by the contingency” cosmological argument, is enjoying some resurgence in popularity these days. Championed by contemporary philosophers like Alexander Pruss and Joshua Rasmussen, it is based on the distinction between the contingent and … Read More

Pascal’s Wager on the existence of God

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(Blaise Pascal) Pascal’s wager is a philosophical argument developed by Blaise Pascal, a 17th-century French philosopher, mathematician, and physicist. The argument tries to prove that a rational person has every interest in believing in God, whether God exists or not. … Read More

Metaphysical and logical arguments for the existence of God

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During the history of philosophy and theology, many arguments for and against the existence of God have been made. The God in question here is what is sometimes called the God of the philosophers, namely the God of the great … Read More

Descartes’ ontological argument for the existence of God

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The ontological argument is an argument which aims to prove the existence of God. It is said to be ontological, because it bases its proof on the definition of what the being (ontos) of God is: it is in the … Read More