Development of Neoplatonism – Plotinus

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Neoplatonism is essentially, as we have already seen, a method for accessing an intelligible reality and a construction or description of this reality. The biggest mistake we could make is to believe that this reality has the essential function of … Read More

Scientific disciplines

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Scientific disciplines (also called ”branches of science”, “sciences” or “fields of science”) are subdivisions of science and branches of knowledge that use a rigorous and systematic method to study a particular area of knowledge. Scientific disciplines are characterized by the … Read More

Currents of philosopical ideas in the first two centuries AD

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Nothing is more confused than the history of intellectual thought in the first two centuries of our era; these two centuries saw the last brilliance of the great post-Aristotelian dogmatisms shine with Seneca, Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius, then disappear. Conversely, … Read More

Henri Bergson: Half-relativity – Michelson-Morley experiment (8) – Dislocation of simultaneity

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What will happen when operators respectively placed at 0 and at A want to measure the speed of light by noting, on the clocks tuned together which are at these two points, the moment of departure, the moment of arrival, … Read More

Middle Stoicism in the 1st century BC

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The scholars who succeeded Chrysippus – during the 2nd century until Panetius, from 204 to 129 – already show us a certain change in Stoic thought and a relaxation of dogmatism. Sextus says, without specifying further, that the new Stoics … Read More

Epistemology of Intelligence Agencies

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About the analogy between the epistemological and methodological aspects of the activity of intelligence agencies and some scientific disciplines, advocating for a more scientific approach to the process of collecting and analyzing information within the intelligence cycle. I assert that … Read More

Polystratus the Epicurean

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It is impossible to better grasp the currents of ideas which agitated minds towards the middle of the second century than in the little treatise On the Unreasonable Contempt for Popular Opinions by Polystratus (1) who succeeded Hermarqus at the … Read More

Isaac Newton on the action at a distance in gravity: With or without God?

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The interpretation of Isaac Newton’s texts has sparked controversy to this day. One of the most heated debates relates to the action between two bodies distant from each other (the gravitational attraction), and to what extent Newton involved God in … Read More

Causal Loops in Time Travel

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About the possibility of time traveling based on several specialized works, including those of Nicholas J. J. Smith (“Time Travel“), William Grey (”Troubles with Time Travel”), Ulrich Meyer (”Explaining causal loops”), Simon Keller and Michael Nelson (”Presentists should believe in … Read More

Epicurus and Epicureanism

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After the massive system of the Stoics, it is a relaxation to rest in the garden where Epicurus philosophizes in private with his friends, while Zeno attracts the public crowd to the Poecile portico. Between these two minds, nothing in … Read More

How does marketing create customer loyalty?

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Ann has a small restaurant in her hometown. She knows that people who live in the city sometimes dine out to try different international cuisines. Its town is in a popular tourist area, so there are also many visitors who come … Read More

London: Business, Travel, Culture

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London, the only city to have hosted the Olympics three times (1908, 1948, 2012), is dynamic and very diverse culturally. It plays an important role in art and fashion. It receives 28 million tourists per year and has four sites … Read More

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