Plato: The Republic

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The Republic (Ancient Greek: Πολιτεία, Politéia) was written between about 380 and 370 BC. A. E. Taylor states that the Republic was already written in 388 (Taylor 2009), and G. C. Field suggested the date of 375 BC (Hornblower, Spawforth, … Read More

Plato’s Philosophy

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Plato’s philosophy is in line with the pre-Socratics, sophists and artistic traditions that underlie Greek education, in a new framework, defined by dialectics and the theory of ideas. For Plato, knowledge is an activity of the soul (Brisson and Pradeau … Read More

Plato’s Work

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Plato’s entire body of work has survived intact to this day, decisively influencing Western culture (Plato 1997) (Laertius 2018, bk. III). For Plato, dialogue is the only tool capable of highlighting the research character of philosophy, the key element of … Read More

Structuralism

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Structuralism is a collective term for interdisciplinary methods and research programs that examine structures and relationships in the mechanisms of cultural symbol systems that function largely unconsciously Structuralism is a set of holistic currents of thought that appeared mainly in the human and … Read More

Plato: Biography

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The main biographical source about Plato, according to the testimony of the Neoplatonic Simplicius (Aristotle 2021), was written by the disciple Xenocrates, but unfortunately it has not reached us. The earliest biography of Plato (Riginos 1976) to date, De Platone … Read More

Creative Commons License

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Creative Commons is a comprehensive license suitable for copyleft distribution of creative works. The Creative Commons License was developed in 2002 under the guidance of Lawrence Lessig. He is the Roy L. Furman Professor of Law at Harvard Law School and … Read More

Hedonism

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Hedonism (from Ancient Greek: ἡδονή / hēdonḗ, “pleasure” and suffix -ισμός / -ismós) is a philosophical doctrine attributed to Aristippus of Cyrene according to which the pursuit of pleasures and the avoidance of suffering constitute the goal of human life … Read More

The “logical” dimension of positivism

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The “logical” dimension of positivism The main novelty of the Vienna Circle consists in its use of the logic developed by Frege and Russell for the study of scientific problems. The conception of philosophy is thus radically modified, to focus … Read More

Copyleft

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Intellectual Property Laws are framed to protect the interests of commercial publishers and to restrict the use of creative works among authorised users. Distribution of copyright-free works has become popular with the advent of the Internet. Professionals, educational and research institutions, libraries, … Read More

Scholasticism

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(Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274), scholastic philosopher.) Scholasticism ( derived from the term schola, comes from the Greek scholê in the sense of idleness, free time, inactivity, which – later – means: “to hold school, to give lessons”) is the philosophy … Read More

Data Protection Day, January 28

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In 2006, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe decided to launch a Data Protection Day, to be celebrated each year on 28 January. Data Protection Day is now celebrated globally and is called the “Privacy Day” outside Europe. Data … Read More

Reformism

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Reformism refers to political doctrines aimed at improving existing structures of a country, economic and social, through gradual changes in laws rather than through revolution or schism. Reformist socialism was defined by Eduard Bernstein (1850-1932) who considered that the abolition … Read More

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