Plato – Travels in Sicily

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Plato was born in Athens in 427 B.C., in an aristocratic family which included considerable figures in the city, including his mother’s cousin, Critias, who was one of the Thirty Tyrants. His youthful years passed amid the most serious political … Read More

Plato on idealism

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(For simplicity, Plato’s idealism is often contrasted with Aristotle’s alleged empiricism, as evidenced by the gesture of each of the two philosophers in this detail of a fresco by Raphael.) In 1702, the German philosopher Leibniz coined the term idealism … Read More

Plato on Education – The Philosopher King

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Education Plato’s educational model (paidèia) differentiates the level of education according to students’ skills. Thus, a basic education includes, in addition to gymnastics and other bodily exercises, and music (the exercise of the spirit), without being imposed by force, because … Read More

Plato’s Dialectics

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Dialectics, a process that leads us to the knowledge of Forms and ultimately to the highest Form of the Good (Seyffert, Nettleship, and Sandys 1894, 481), through discussion, reasoning, questionnaire, and interpretation, has preoccupied philosophers since antiquity (Corbett and Connors … Read More

The Main Topics of Plato’s Republic

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In the traditional interpretation, the Republic is a continuation of the discussions in Gorgias, according to which virtue and polis laws are a trick invented by a mass of weak people to capture the lust for power of the best … Read More

Plato’s Philosophy

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Sfetcu, Nicolae (2022). “Plato’s Philosophy”, in Telework, DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.21536.05121, URL = https://www.telework.ro/en/platos-philosophy/   Abstract Plato’s philosophy is in line with the pre-Socratics, sophists and artistic traditions that underlie Greek education, in a new framework, defined by dialectics and the theory … Read More

Plato: Biography

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Sfetcu, Nicolae (2022). “Plato: Biography”, in Telework, DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.15396.96647, URL = https://www.telework.ro/en/plato-biography/   Abstract The main biographical source about Plato, according to the testimony of the Neoplatonic Simplicius, was written by the disciple Xenocrates, but unfortunately it has not reached … Read More

Plato about climate change

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(Rhamnous, an ancient Greek city in Attica.) Plato, the Greek philosopher, describes the effect of local climate change in Attica in his Critias: “The land was the best in the world, and was therefore able in those days to support … Read More

Philosophy for Plato

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Etymologically, the word philosophy derives from the ancient Greek φιλοσοφία, composed of φιλεῖν, “loving” and σοφία, “wisdom, knowledge”, that is to say literally: love of wisdom or love of knowledge. It should be noted that the word φιλοσοφία is effectively … Read More

Plato’s Dream, by Voltaire

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(Plato in his academy, drawing after a painting by Swedish painter Carl Johan Wahlbom) Plato dreamed alot, like many others since then. He had thought that human nature was once double, and that in punishment of his faults it was … Read More

Axiochos – the Socratic dialogue of Plato on the death

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Axiochus (Greek Ἀξίοχος / Axiochus) is a pseudo-dialogue (Socratic dialogue) on the death, attributed to Plato. The dialogue dated first century BC, and it is of Neopythagoreanism inspiration. The characters of dialogue Socrates Axiochus, uncle of the general Alcibiades Dialogue … Read More